In part 3 of chapter 2, we will study about longitudes. All three lines of latitude are significant in their relationship between Earth and the sun. 1° (degree) = 60’ (60 minutes) = 3600” (seconds). Longitudes and Latitudes; Important parallels of latitudes; Prime Meridian and Time Zones; Time Zone in India; Globe: Globe is a miniature model of the earth. Running in the opposite direction, north-south, the prime meridian is one of the most important lines of longitude on Earth. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. It can be rotated around the pivots. This network of intersecting lines is drawn to determine any particular location on the earth surface. GRID . What Is the Equator? Therefore, the equator is an imaginary circular line and is a very important reference point to locate places on the earth. The distance from the equator to either of the poles is 1/4 th of a circle round the earth; it will measure 1/4 th of 360°, i.e. Also after the chapter, you can get links to Class 6 Geography Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers etc. Read here an important note on Latitude and Longitude of Earth. 91. Then, we will also study about three different heat zones – Torrid zone, Temperate zones and Frigid zones. Lines of latitude or parallels of importance include: Tropic of Cancer at 23.5°N parallel, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5°S parallel, equator at 0°, Arctic Circle at 66.5°N parallel, Antarctic Circle at 66.5°S parallel. Latitude alludes to the horizontal lines that represent the distance of any point, north or south of the equator, its direction is east to west. They are also called Latitudes and Longitudes. Therefore, it is a very important reference point to locate a place on earth. We can see several horizontal and vertical lines drawn on the globe and map. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. 4. LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES . On the other hand, longitude implies the vertical lines indicating the distance of any point, east or west of the prime meridian, its direction is north to south. Latitude is a measurement of location north or south of the Equator. The shape of the earth is ‘Geoid’. Latitudes and Longitudes 31/05/2019 – Posted in: NCERT. Longitude and latitude lines measure the distance from the Earth's Equator or central axis - running east to west - and the Prime Meridian in Greenwich, England - running north to south. Kedar Kulkarni . The latitude is the position relative to the equator, specifying the north-south position. Contents. Some of the worksheets below are Free Latitude And Longitude Worksheets, learn important vocabularies like navigation, latitude, longitude, equator, prime meridian, cardinal directions, compass and GPS with exercise like using your atlas, find the latitude and longitude of New York city, Philadelphia, Boston, Berlin, Tokyo, Rome, … 12 Important questions on Latitudes and Longitudes PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Similarly all points south of the equator are called ‘south latitudes’ Important Parallels of Latitude. Latitude is defined as an equatorial reference plane. We will cover Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic circle and Antarctic circle. By measuring the angle of the Pole Star from your place, you can know the latitude of your place. What is Latitude & Longitude? Generally, latitudes are measured in degrees. We will cover properties of WhatsApp. The equator is located at zero degrees latitude. Importance of Latitudes and Longitudes. Also, two distant points may lie on the same longitude. TERMS YOU MUST KNOW . The shape of the earth is ‘Geoid’. For convenience of numbering, the meridian of longitude passing through the Greenwich observatory (near London) has been adopted as the Prime Meridian by an international agreement and has been given the value of 0°. Equator:Imaginary line dividing globe into two equal parts. Geography Class 6 Chapter 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes A globe is a true model of the earth. Latitudes or parallels have very important and close relation with sunlight, revolution, tilt at 23 1/2° angle and so on. NT Desk - 2019-11-08. IMPORTANT POINTS. The intersection point is where the traveler is located. 2. The longitude specifies the east-west position measured from a reference meridian (usually the Greenwich Prime Meridian). The zero-degree latitude represents the equator. Parallels of latitudes can be referred to as the parallel circles from the equator up to the poles. It results in making June 21 the longest day in Northern Hemisphere while December 22 the longest day in Southern Hemisphere. The latitude and longitude of Ghana have been calculated based on the geodetic datum WGS84. MCQ Type Extra Questions (1) The fridged zone lies near (a) The poles (b) The equator (c) The Tropic of cancer (d) The tropic of capricon. The next part talks about the other important latitudes. USE OF LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES. But only one point lies on a particular pair of latitude and longitude. It is a very important topic of Geography and is asked in various Defence Exams such as CDS, NDA, AFCAT, CAPF AC. The seven important lines of latitude are the equator at 0 degrees, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south, Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north, Antarctic Circle at 66.5 degrees south, Arctic Circle at 66.5 degrees north, South Pole at 90 degrees south and North Pole at 90 degrees north. Here we have given Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Notes. LATITUDE:-It is a measure of angular distance of a given point from the equator. NCERT Book Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes By. There are 90 southern latitudes and 90 northern latitudes and 180 eastern longitudes and 180 western longitudes. So latitudes and longitudes are helpful in locating a point on earth. equal halves. Answer: The face of the earth is divided into various parallel circles with respect to the equator on both sides at different angular distances. Longitudes can be written with an E or W for east or west. These lines are the imaginary lines. Twitter. Raju was very interested in coordinates. The equator depicts the zero degrees latitude. Just as on a clock, each degree has 60 minutes, and each minute has 60 seconds. However, the increments of less than one degree can be expressed as a decimal or minutes and seconds. The globes are of varying sizes and types. Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes And Longitudes Class 6 Inside 5 Marks, 3 marks, 2 Marks & And 1 Marks Important Questions and Answers. Important Latitudes and Longitudes. Each degree of latitude and longitude is divided into minutes and seconds. Important Lines. There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute. The Arctic Circle marks the beginning area where the sun will not rise during winter solstice and will not set during summer solstice. For students, they can learn more about longitudes and latitudes by practicing on latitude and longitude worksheets so they can practice writing the estimated coordinates of each location or shape. Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes. Globes come in different shapes and sizes. Latitude (Akshansh) Latitudes are the parallel circles from the equator up to the north and south pole. Sun shines straight over Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2°N) on 21st June and over Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2°S) on 22nd December. etc. Latitudes and Longitudes Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary lines used to determine the location of a place on earth. The countries, continents and oceans are shown in their respective sizes on the globe. Latitudes and longitudes together are called co-ordinates and help to understand the exact position of a point on the earth. Equator . Globe is fixed between two pivots. 3. Class 6 Chapter Notes Chapter - Chapter 2: Globe Latitudes and Longitudes, Class 6, SST | EduRev Notes Summary and Exercise are very important for perfect preparation. These imaginary lines are used for locating places and country on the map of the world. Arctic Circle at 66½° north of the equator. GLOBE : LATITUDES AND LONGITUDES 11 Figure 2.2 : Latitude Figure 2.3 : Important Latitudes and Heat Zones Do you know? They are usually measured in degrees. Globe can be rotated in the same way as a top spin or potter’s wheel is rotated. Important Parallels of Latitude. Latitude is an imaginary line that encircles the planet and runs parallel to the equator. Question 2. Fig:Latitudes and Longitudes. Scroll down forGlobe Latitudes and Longitudes from NCERT Book Class 6 Geography & important study material. Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes. With these, you can find locations which becomes important, especially when you travel a lot so you know where you’re going. Map of Ghana with coordinates . Tropic of Cancer (23½° N) in the Northern Hemisphere. In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface. Through latitude and longitude, a traveler can tell his exact position on the Earth by marking one line east to west from the traveler's position and another from north to south. Facebook. Latitudes have N … 90°. Besides the equator (0°), the North Pole (90°N) and the South Pole (90° S), there are four important parallels of latitudes– 1. IMPORTANT LONGITUDES AND LATITUDES … And the location of a place on the earth can be mentioned in terms of latitudes and longitudes. Its distance from the equator to either of the poles is almost one-fourth of a circle round the earth, it will measure ¼th of 360 degrees, that is 90°. There are many systems … Example: The location of New Delhi is 28° N, 77° E. Latitude. What is the importance of Latitudes and Longitudes: Latitudes and longitudes cover the entire earth in the form of a geographical grid. Latitudes are also known as parallels while longitudes are termed as meridians. Latitude and longitude of Ghana. The Equator is an imaginary line that runs around the center of the Earth from east to west. Globe: a true model of the earth. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Latitudes and longitudes: Fun Facts. 0. Latitudes and Longitudes. The Antarctic Circle . Tropic of Capricorn (23½° S) in the Southern Hemisphere. Globes can be very big or can be very small in size. And the location of a place on the earth can be mentioned in terms of latitudes and longitudes. Pinterest. Inflatable globes are also available. Longitude is a similar measurement east or west of the Greenwich meridian. Latitudes and longitudes help us in finding the exact location of the place on the Earth. Latitudes. He knew that the location of each point on the Earth had a unique coordinate noting its latitudes and longitudes. Two points on earth can lie at the same latitude but still be far away from each other. These lines are veiy important to decide the climate and temperature range of any place or region as the temperature goes on decreasing from the equator to polewards. The first person to calculate the size of the earth was Eratosthenes. The equator is the largest, possible circle which can be draw around the earth. Describe the lines of latitude, their importance and use. Latitudes and Longitudes are imaginary lines used to determine the location of a place on earth. Latitudes and longitudes are expressed in degrees. Axis: needle fixed through the globe in a tilted manner. Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 2 SST Pdf free download is part of Class 6 Social Science Notes for Quick Revision. This circle of latitude stretches through eight countries, including the United States, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. And each minute has 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a tilted manner be. 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