[2], The name Kos (Ancient Greek: Κῶς, genitive Κῶ)[3] is first attested in the Iliad, and has been in continuous use since. [10], A person from Kos is called a "Koan" in English. Before and after the season, the island of Kos offers attractions for those who like history, are curious about the world and love Greece! During the Hellenistic age, there was a medical school; however, the theory that this school was founded by Hippocrates (see below) during the Classical age is an unwarranted extrapolation. Kos is in the Aegean Sea. Since its beginning, Kos has had a long and illustrious history, constantly inhabited by different civilizations since the early Helladic period in 2,300 BC. Proximity to the east gave the island first access to imported silk thread. Aristotle mentions silk weaving conducted by the women of the island. Kos is famous for its variety of beaches and lengthy coastline. Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! Paris. The place was a big deal in classical Greek history, its ancient marketplace one of the largest in the known world and a swinging Aegean destination for the laurel-leaf-and-toga set. There’s also a 13 km long cycling road, ideal for bike strolls, starting from Faros beach and ending at Psalidi beach! 1224 and kept for a while by the Empire of Nicaea. Kos is one of the most popular islands of the Dodecanese. As a seat of learning, it arose as a provincial branch of the museum of Alexandria, and became a favorite resort for the education of the princes of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Discover the best Kos island hopping packages, Kos tours and Kos travel packages! [citation needed] The fossilised molar of an elephant of gigantic proportions was presented to the Paleontology Museum of the University of Athens. Kos is the third biggest Greek islands of the Dodecanese island group and a place that has it all! KOS is a Greek island in the Dodecanese chain (as you’d guessed). He systematized medical treatments, disentangling them from religion and superstitions. may have caused the Great Cataclysm. In 366 BC, a democracy was instituted. The waters in this beach has healing facilities. The Bodrum ferry to Kos runs daily – you need to book at least a day in advance. According to the Ottoman General Census of 1881/82-1893, the kaza of Kos (Istanköy) had a total population of 12,965, consisting of 10,459 Greeks, 2,439 Muslims and 67 Jews.[39]. The remnants of these mountains include the islands of Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm about 70 metres (230 ft; 38 fathoms) deep, as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands. [29] Under Alexander the Great and the Ptolemies the town developed into one of the great centers in the Aegean; Josephus[30] quotes Strabo to the effect that Mithridates I of the Bosporus was sent to Kos to fetch the gold deposited there by queen Cleopatra of Egypt. Other sights worth visiting in Kos are its churches, Neratzia medieval castle, the ancient Greek Agora, and Antimachia Castle. [40] The Italians developed the infrastructures of the island, after the ruinous earthquake of 23 April 1933, which destroyed a great part of the old city and damaged many new buildings. Its position gave it a high importance in Aegean trade; while the island itself was rich in wines of considerable fame. The small city is also home to the International Hippocratic Institute and the Hippocratic Museum dedicated to him. Continue your trip to the best Greece destinations! The Kosmos Energy Ltd stock price gained 15.67% on the last trading day (Wednesday, 23rd Dec 2020), rising from $2.17 to $2.51.During the day the stock fluctuated 17.04% from a day low at $2.23 to a day high … the similar Istanbul and Stimpoli, Crete. Tourism is the main industry in Kos,[citation needed] the island's beaches being the primary attraction. Georgius was a participant of the Third Council of Constantinople in 680–681. Iulianus went to the synod held in Constantinople in 448 in preparation for the Council of Chalcedon of 451, in which he participated as a legate of Pope Leo I, and he was a signatory of the joint letter that the bishops of the Roman province of Insulae sent in 458 to Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian with regard to the killing of Proterius of Alexandria. See what is worth visiting on Kos. [citation needed], There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Its early history–as part of the religious-political amphictyony that included Lindos, Kamiros, Ialysos, Cnidus and Halicarnassus, the Dorian Hexapolis (hexapolis means six cities in Greek),[21]–is obscure. The Ottoman Empire captured the island in early 1523. With long sandy beaches, a balmy climate and monuments from various historical eras, Kos was among the first Aegean islands to attract visitors –during the 1930s, under Italian rule. It was controlled by Italian troops until the Italian surrender in 1943. [24] In the Hellenistic period, Kos attained the zenith of its prosperity. causes red wheat to grow. The Basilicas of Saint Stephen, in front of Kastri islet, The Basilicas of Saint Stephen, in front of Kastri islet, READ NEXT: Located in Kardamena, Downtown is one of the most famous clubs in Kos and it is characterized in offering music and sound columns songs from famous films. Kos lies in the center of the Dodecanese complex and is one of the most popular Greek islands. Starting from the villages of Kos Asfendiou, Antimahia, Kardamena, Kefalos, Marmari, Mastihari, Pili and Tigaki. 76) and Strabo (xiv. noun. Our team of experienced travel specialists can organize your unforgettable vacation in Greece! #greekacom. Kos is the setting of the wargaming book 'Swords of Kos Fantasy Campaign Setting', written by Michael O. Varhola with co-authors. Please send us a request and we will rapidly answer you with a free quote! The ancient market place of Kos was considered one of the biggest in the ancient world. In the southern end of the market, there was a round building with a Roman dome and a workshop which produced pigments including "Egyptian Blue". Some remarkable frescoes and nice atriums can be seen inside. Vast amounts of UK holidaymakers flock to Kos every years to soak up its sun and enjoy its gorgeous sands. Upload your best photos of Greece and interact with other Greeka members! [27] In 240 BC, Ziaelas of Bithynia, Seleucus II Callinicus and Ptolemy III Euergetes provided guarantees for the transformation of Kos Asclepeion into an asylum. Pop: … The synagogue is no longer used for religious ceremonies as the Jewish community of Kos was targeted and destroyed by occupying German forces in World War II. [33] One of the people responsible for the library's construction was the Kos doctor Gaius Stertinius Xenophon, who lived in Rome and was the personal physician of the Emperors Tiberius, Claudius, and Nero. Of all the islands, Kos seems to come off as pretty average with no “unique” qualities. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kós, Greece on Tripadvisor: See 270,660 traveller reviews and photos of Kós tourist attractions. Its antiquities, its monuments from the early Christian times and its medieval castles alone are enough to place the island among the top spots of that list. area and average elevation)", "From Ancient Egypt to Outer Space, the Delicious History of Lettuce", Money, Power And Gender:Evidence For Influential Women Represented And Sculpture On Kos, A Treatise on the Origin, Progressive Improvement, and Present State of the Silk Manufacture, "The Asklepion of Kos – Home of Modern Medicine", Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, Ürkek bir siyasetin tarih önündeki ağır vebali, Ancient Sites of the Harbour and Market Place, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kos&oldid=995589145, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRG without Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 21:47. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. It is famous for its beautiful sandy beaches and its Romano-Greek architectures. We left one Knights of St John castle behind in Kos Town and arrived to another, perhaps Bodrum’s most famous landmark. Let the exploration begin! If you are looking for nightlife you can head to Kardamena and if you are looking for a family vacation, Tigaki is a good choice. Thanks to its big size, you can find both crowded and more isolated spots in Kos Greece, depending on your mood. Coins, treasures, and copper statues from Roman times were later uncovered by archeologists. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kós. [35] The last Hospitaller governor of the island was Piero de Ponte. Sandy beaches and rich history are the two major attractions of Kos, along with vivid nightlife. Our services are rated The most Kos families were found in the USA in 1920. The old part of the town has Medieval style, with Venetian houses and Ottoman mosques. Following the lead of its larger neighbour, Rhodes, Kos generally displayed a friendly attitude toward the Romans; in 53 AD it was made a free city. Hippocrates of Kos (/ h ɪ ˈ p ɒ k r ə t iː z /; Greek: Ἱπποκράτης ὁ Κῷος, translit. In the western side excavations led to the findings of rooms with mosaic floors which showed beastfights, a theme quite popular in Kos.[45]. Don’t miss to visit some of the best Kos beaches, such as Kardamena beach, Tigaki beach, Mastichari beach, Marmari beach, and Kefalos beach. The paradise islet of Kastri, in front of Ag.Stefanos. This was about 25% of all the recorded Kos's in the USA. Here is my list of the top 5 best restaurants in Kos! German troops occupied the island until 1945, when it became a protectorate of the United Kingdom, which ceded it to Greece in 1947 following the Paris peace treaty. [8][9] In The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, the author misunderstands this and treats Lango and Kos as distinct islands. 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